Article No :  01

LEARNER’S ATTITUDES AND MOTIVATIONAL FACTORS TOWARDS LEARNING CHINESE AS A FOREIGN LANGUAGE IN SRI LANKAN UNIVERSITIES

One of the most important factors is learner’s attitude and motivation towards the target language. This paper studies the attitudes and motivational factors of Chinese language learners in a foreign language learning environment in Sri Lankan university education system. The paper analyses the result of the survey on 64 undergraduates who studying Chinese in University of Kelaniya in Sri Lanka.

Author : Sammanie Upadya Kandambi
Country : Sri Lanka
Page No : 1-11

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Article No :  02

STUDY ON THE CHEMICAL CONSTITUENTS OF LAND CULTIVATED SOIL SAMPLE FROM TWO SELECTED AREAS (PYIN OO LWIN TOWNSHIP)

Physical, chemical and biological changes takes place continuously in soils by climatic forces and influence the efficiency of any fertilizer application. In this research work, soil samples were collected from two different places of Pyin Sar and Thon Daung villages, Pyin Oo Lwin Township in Mandalay Region for physical and chemical analyzed.

Author : Chaw Su Hlaing and Mu Mu Win
Country : Myanmar
Page No : 12-20

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Article No :  03

THE EFFECT OF ADVERTISING AS A MARKETING TOOL FOR CUSTOMER RETENTION IN SELECTED BANKS IN BENIN-CITY, NIGERIA

This article examines how the choice of advertising media used impact on customer retention in selected banks as well as the compelling contents of advertisement used by the banks to convey messages to customers to aid their retention. 80 customers of the selected banks in Benin-City, Nigeria were sampled randomly using convenience sampling method by administration of a well-structured questionnaires.

Author : Akerejola, W.O., Ohikhena, P.S., Okpara, E.U., Emenike, P.O.
Country : Nigeria
Page No : 21-30

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Article No :  04

A PREPARATION FOR LISTENING MODULE IN IELTS

This research paper is an attempt to improve the listening skill of the students. Listening is a receptive language skill which students usually find the most difficult. This research paper is aimed to improve student's exam performance in taking the IELTS (International English Language Testing System) and also to improve their listening skill in their academic life and in real life situation.

Author : Nay Zar Aye
Country : Myanmar
Page No : 31-36

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Article No :  05

SYNTHESIS AND CHARACTERIZATION OF COPPER NANOPARTICLES BY CHEMICAL REDUCTION METHOD

This research paper is aimed to prepare copper nanoparticles easily and inexpensively at low temperature without the use of inert atmosphere. Copper nanoparticles have been synthesized by using chemical reduction method; this is a simple and effective. In this method, copper sulfate pentahydrate is used as a precursor; starch is used as a capping agent; ascorbic acid is used as a reducing agent; sodium hydroxide is used as a reagent to make reduction reaction faster and control pH of the solution.

Author : Than Than Khaing and Saw Htun Htun Naung
Country : Myanmar
Page No : 37-43

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