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Article No :  01

THE EMERGENCE OF EARLY WORDS IN TAMIL SPEAKING TODDLERS IN THE AGE RANGE OF 12 TO 36 MONTHS: A CROSS-SECTIONAL STUDY

Language development in children is amazing and it plays a vital role in a child’s overall development. Children advances in their language from birth and it goes on from prelinguistic to linguistic content. The interesting part of language development are the early word productions, consisting mainly of protowords and true words which can be mentioned briefly as meaningless words but referring to something and meaningful clear speech utterances respectively.

Author : Melvin Praisy, P. and Dr. Reeny Roy
Country : India
Page No : 01-14

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Article No :  02

EXTRACTION AND ISOLATION OF PURE BIOACTIVE ORGANIC COMPOUND FROM ROOT OF CROTON OBLONGIFOLIUS ROXB. (THETYIN-GYI)

The aim of the present research is to be aware of the local people of the effective use of root and stem bark of Thetyin-gyi amply grown in Myanmar. Preliminary phytochemical constituents of root and stem bark of Thetyin-gyi were determined by standard methods. Some phytochemical constituents such as alkaloid, flavonoid, steroid, terpene, glycoside, phenolic compound, reducing sugar and saponin were observed in the samples. The elemental composition of the samples was also determined by using Energy Dispersive X-ray Fluorescence (EDXRF) spectrophotometer. The percentage of calcium and potassium were found the highest amount in the samples.

Author : Mar Mar Nyunt, Kyaw Zan Aung, and Theint Thu Thu Naing
Country : Myanmar
Page No : 15-23

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Article No :  03

A COMPARATIVE STUDIES ON ANTIMICROBIAL ACTIVITY AND ANTIOXIDANT ACTIVITY ON DIFFERENT EXTRACTS OF LEAF, BARK AND ROOT OF MORINGA OLEIFERA LAMK (DRUMSTICK TREE)

Medicinal plants were and still continue to be an important therapeutic aid and for alleviating aliment of human kind. All parts of trees are considered medicinal and used in the treatment of ascites, rheumatism, venomous bites and as cardiac and circulatory stimulant. The preliminary phytochemical screening test has shown the presence of alkaloids, carbohydrates, glycosides, phenolic compounds, saponins, flavonoids, α- amino acids, starch and tannins but reducing sugar was absent in the sample.

Author : Dr. Mi Mi Yee
Country : Myanmar
Page No : 24-34

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Article No :  04

EFFECTS OF COMPUTER-ASSISTED INSTRUCTION ON STUDENTS’ ACHIEVEMENT IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS’ PHYSICS IN ONDO STATE, NIGERIA

The study investigated the effects of Computer-Assisted Instruction on the performance of secondary school students in Physics in Ondo State, Nigeria. The study adopted quasi-experimental pre-test post-test control group design. A total of 200 senior secondary school students drawn out of eight secondary schools in Ondo State formed the sample. Physics Achievement Test (PAT) was used to collect data for the study

Author : Adepeko, Olasimbo Olufunke
Country : Nigeria
Page No : 35-40

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Article No :  05

A COMPARATIVE STUDY ON PHYTOCHEMICAL, PHYSICOCHEMICAL AND NUTRITIONAL VALUE FROM LEAF, BARK AND ROOT OF MORINGA OLEIFERA LAMK (DRUMSTICK TREE)

Qualitative elemental analysis of plant sample by ED-XRF method revealed that the presence of Ca, K and P as minor elements and Fe, Mn, Cu, Si, S, Sr, Zn as trace elements. No toxic elements was detected in the Drumstick tree (leaf, bark and root). Some nutritional values and physicochemical properties such as moisture, ash, fat, fibre, proteins and carbohydrates have also been determined. As a result, it was found that fibre and carbohydrate were present major nutrients in Drumstick tree (leaf, bark and root) but the protein contents of leaf was found as a major nutrient.

Author : Dr. Mi Mi Yee
Country : Myanmar
Page No : 41-51

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Article No :  06

THE NEXUS BETWEEN ENTREPRENEURIAL ORIENTATION AND LEADERSHIP STYLES: A CONCEPTUAL REVIEW

This study was intended to examine the effect of leadership behaviours on EO. These two variables are considered as essential variables for organisational success. The right leadership behaviour is an important ingredient for good organisational performance and to prevent organisational failures. The strengthening of entrepreneurship is important for any type of enterprise for developing its responsiveness to a globalised and changing environment and EO is considered a key element for a firm’s success.

Author : Vito, Baridula and Nwabali, Ike Godfrey
Country : Nigeria
Page No : 52-61

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Article No :  07

PASSION OR OCCUPATION: AN EMPIRICAL STUDY ON ENGAGEMENT AND COMMITMENT OF TEACHERS TOWARDS TEACHING AND OCCUPATION IN GENERAL

It is evident from the study that there does exist notable correlation between age and the engagement of the individual towards their work, which, act as an input for conclusive decisions for right mix of employees in the organization whereas gender has no bearing towards employee engagement. On the other hand, personal factors like marital status and professional experience exhibit notable contribution to the teaching commitment as well as occupational commitment.

Author : Anuradha Chavali and Dr. Nihar Ranjan Mishra
Country : India
Page No : 62-67

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Article No :  08

EFFICACY OF FINE-NEEDLE ASPIRATION CYTOLOGY IN DIAGNOSIS OF BREAST TUMORS AND CORRELATION WITH HISTOPATHOLOGICAL FINDINGS: AN AL GALAA TEACHING HOSPITAL EXPERIENCE

Breast FNACs compare very well with excisional biopsies histology and are extremely useful in managing breast lumps in experienced hands. Therefore, we concluded that FNAC in our hospital is a reliable breast lump diagnostic tool. We advise that clinicians should continue to promote this diagnostic approach in the surgical management of breast lumps as a fast and cheap diagnostic tool, as highlighted by previous studies.

Author : Sahar Ali Mohamed, MD
Country : Egypt
Page No : 68-76

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Article No :  09

BACTERIOLOGICAL AND PHYSICO-CHEMICAL ANALYSIS OF DRINKING WATER QUALITY IN ULI

The bacteriological and physicochemical examination of drinking water quality was carried out in Uli to determine their levels of contamination. The sources of water examined were borehole water, well water and stream water. This analysis was carried out in the Microbiology Laboratory of Chukwuemeka Odumegwu Ojukwu University, Uli. Water samples where obtained from the three different sources named above using properly labeled sterile universal containers. The samples were analyzed for their physical properties.

Author : Umeaku, C.N., Chris-Umeaku, C.I., Emmyegbe, I.O., Opara, M.F., Okeke, U.C., Ezeofor, P.S. and Uzor, C.U.
Country : Nigeria
Page No : 77-88

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Article No :  10

THE INFLUENCE OF LABOUR MIGRATION ON THE FAMILY INSTITUTION IN SRI LANKA

The aim of this research to study of the influences caused by the international labour migration imposed on the institution of the family. International migration is the migration from one political boundary to another political boundary. When an individual leaves his home town with the expectation of finding employment is another location or even another country, this can be defined as labour migration. After introducing the open economy in 1977 in Sri Lanka, a large number of consisting of both men and women migrated to take up jobs in the middle eastern countries, on the other hand the numbers migrating to Italy in search of employment also increased.

Author : Dr. Geethani Amaratunga
Country : Sri Lanka
Page No : 89-95

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Article No :  11

THE TRADE GOODS IN ANCIENT SRI LANKA

In this paper it is expected to exam few items which have exported and imported during the ancient Sri Lanka. As all these items were potential trade goods during the early historic times, an attempt is made here to understand the level of their industrial production. It was the king who decided the price of the items of royal consumption such as elephants, horses, jewels and gold.

Author : Dr. Geethani Amratunga and Dr. Nadeesha Gunawardana
Country : Sri Lanka
Page No : 96-103

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Article No :  12

EVALUATION OF THE ROLE OF BACTERIAL ENZYME, SULPHATE, NITRATE AND ULTIMATE LATEX PAINT BIODEGRADATION

The enzymatic activities on paint breakdown showed a direct correlation (r=0.01) on percentage degradation and incubation period. Increase in incubation period corresponded with increase in percentage degradation of paint with no significant difference among the bacterial species. Results obtained from this investigation indicate and confirm that extracellular enzymes, presence of sulphate\nitrate ions and dissolve oxygen in paint as an organic substrate contributed immensely to the bacterial degradation of paint molecule. Therefore, empirical studies aim at controlling these deleterious problems in paint industry is suggested.

Author : Etim, Lawrence B.
Country : Nigeria
Page No : 104-110

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Article No :  13

BITTER GOURD (MEMORDICA CHARANTIA L.), NEW HOST OF RALSTONIA SOLANACEARUM IN SRI LANKA

Control measure requires definite information on associate pathogen, race and biovar characteristics of the pathogen in those endemic areas. Soil samples were collected from mid country areas in Sri Lanka known for high incidence of bitter gourd bacterial wilt. Isolations were performed on triphenyl tetrazolium chloride (TZC) media. Morphological characterization of the pathogen was through simple staining, streaming and KOH solubility test.

Author : Rajapaksha, R.G.A.S., Shyamalee Kohombange, Dissanayake, D.M.K.K., Kahawatta, K.J.P.K., Perera, P.D.D. and Munasingha, M.M.S.P.
Country : Sri Lanka
Page No : 111-118

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Article No :  14

SCHOOL-BASED MANAGEMENT PRACTICES AND ITS RELATIONSHIP TO SCHOOL PERFORMANCE

Every education institution in the world has its own share of problems that need to be addressed. Some issues besetting the school system, especially the public school include high dropout rate, quality educational service, high repetition rate, and limited holding capacity of the schools. Over the past decades, many initiatives and reform efforts have been implemented to address these problems.

Author : Khristian S. Liwanag
Country : Philippines
Page No : 119-125

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Article No :  15

THE GENDER GAP IN ENROLMENTS IN SENIOR HIGH SCHOOLS IN GHANA: THE CASE OF WEST MAMPRUSI MUNICIPALITY IN THE NORTHEAST REGION

The study determined gender gaps in enrolment in Senior High School students from 2015/2016 to 2018/2019 academic sessions in the West Mamprusi Municipality of the North East Region of Ghana. Two objectives were raised and one research question was answered. The ex-post facto research design was used. The population of the study consisted of all Senior High School students in the WMM. A purposive sampling technique was used to select all the six (three public and three private) Senior High Schools in the Municipality.

Author : Abudulai Issah
Country : Ghana
Page No : 126-141

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Article No :  16

EFFECTS OF META-LEARNING ON THE ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT AND CONTENT RETENTION OF ENGINEERING TRADES STUDENTS IN TECHNICAL COLLEGES IN NIGERIA

This study determined the effect of meta-learning teaching method on academic achievement and content retention of engineering trades student in order to improve their academic performance in technical colleges. The study employed a quasi-experimental research design involving experimental and control groups plus pre-test and post-test. A simple random sampling technique was used to select 26 technical colleges, 26 MVM teachers and 582 MVM students for the study.

Author : Musa Josephine Dawha, Prof. Diraso, D.K., L’Kama, J.D., (Ph.D) and Adamu Gishua Garba
Country : Nigeria
Page No : 142-150

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Article No :  17

FITTING SKILLS ASSESSMENT INSTRUMENT (FSAI) IN NIGERIA CERTIFICATE IN EDUCATION FOR COLLEGES OF EDUCATION IN NORTH EAST NIGERIA

Fitting Skills Assessment Instrument (FSAI) will improve the assessment of students’ skills in colleges of education in north east Nigeria. The study employed instrumentation research design. The population of the study was 735 comprising 27 metalwork teachers and 708 NCE metalwork students in five of the colleges of education that offer NCE metalwork in north east States. A purposive sampling technique was used to select three colleges of education for the study. Eighty seven NCE III metalwork students of the three colleges of education purposively sampled were involved in the trial test of FSAI. The study answered four research questions and tested two null hypotheses.

Author : Prof. Daniel Kaleb Diraso, Prof. Michael Ubale Cyril, Gishua Garba Adamu and Dawha Josephine Musa
Country : Nigeria
Page No : 151-165

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Article No :  18

SATISFACTION ON RANK AND EMPLOYMENT STATUS OF CTE FACULTY

The study revealed that the respondents are satisfied with their academic rank and employment status. Such satisfaction may tend to achieve higher productivity. When faculty members are satisfied with their rank and employment status, they often support its mission and work hard to help achieve its objectives. However, constant monitoring on their level of satisfaction is necessary to ensure that they support its mission and work hard to achieve its objectives.

Author : Nora V. Marasigan, Rageene Vera D. Dueňas, Rachelle M. Quinco, Larah Camile S. Adao and Sarah Q. Agon
Country : Philippines
Page No : 166-171

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