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Article No :  1

THE STATUS OF COMPLIANCE WITH THE INTERNATIONAL GENDER RELATED LEGAL INSTRUMENTS IN AFRICA: A CASE STUDY OF KENYA

This study’s main objective is to analyze key factors that contribute to the persistence of gender inequalities in Africa with particular focus on education and politics in Kenya. The study‘s objective was to examine the AU institutional and legal framework on gender in education and politics in Africa and Kenya in particular. The study has used feminist theory to operationalize the study.

Author : Wafula K. Ayub and Prof. Maria Nzomo
Country : Kenya
Page No : 01-05

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Article No :  02

THE ROLE OF SMALL AND MEDIUM ENTERPRISES AND JOB OPPORTUNITIES: EMPIRICAL EVIDENCE FROM KABUGA TRADING CENTRE

This article on the role of small and medium enterprises and job opportunities. An empirical evidence from Kabuga Trading Centre has the objective of investigated the role of Small and medium enterprises and job opportunities. The study used a descriptive design and a convenience sampling was used.

Author : Karekezi Jean Claude
Country : Rwanda
Page No : 06-12

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Article No :  03

LE DILEMME DE LEADERSHIP EN AFRIQUE CONTEMPORAINE: UN PARCOURS DE TROIS PERSPECTIVES LITTERAIRES

Le fait que l’Afrique post-indépendante a échoué est vrai et point n’est besoin d’y insister. Ce qui saute aux yeux dans le continent est la déchéance énorme de tous aspects de la vie de la plupart de ses citoyens, qui ne peuvent pas se soustraire de la pauvreté et du manque plusieurs décennies après les indépendances politiques.

Author : Bassey Oben and Umana Boniface Ibana
Country : Nigeria
Page No : 13-22

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Article No :  04

THE PLACE OF HISTORY IN MITIGATING NATIONAL CHALLENGES: THE CASE OF NIGERIA

The paper employs historical methodology in its approach and dwells on secondary sources. The authors are of the view that history, like all other fields in the humanities and social sciences, emphasizes the breaking down of the parapets of negative social segregation, which have been inimical to nation building over the years and has continued to do so. The paper, therefore, posits that, it is the responsibility of history and historians to emphasize the unifying aspects of the Nigerian historical, political, cultural and social experiences as a means of creating an enduring nation building.

Author : Odey, Julius Simon, Joseph O. Ajor, Ph.D. and James O. Aboh
Country : Nigeria
Page No : 23-31

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Article No :  05

ONLINE SCHOLARSHIP APPLICATION AND RECORD MANAGEMENT SYSTEM FOR AYZ CITY

The main focus of the system is to eliminate the paper works or the manual method of processing used by AYZ City scholarship office. Thus, the result will be a rapid processing of transactions. Furthermore, having an application and record management system may lessen manpower and will result to more secured, reliable, and more organized storage of data.

Author : Engr. Ariel M. Marave
Country : Philippines
Page No : 32-56

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Article No :  06

CORRELATION OF COMPREHENSIVE EXAMINATION AND LICENSURE EXAMINATION AMONG MAPEH MAJOR GRADUATES OF BATANGAS STATE UNIVERSITY PABLO BORBON I

The study aimed to determine and recognize the correlation of comprehensive examination and licensure examination among MAPEH graduates. Specifically, it sought to find out MAPEH graduates’ performance in the comprehensive exam and LET in terms of the professional education, general and major subjects and correlation between the students’ comprehensive exam result and their LET performance.

Author : Virginia E. Baes
Country : Philippines
Page No : 57-65

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Article No :  07

ASSESSMENT OF PHYSICAL LITERACY AMONG GRADE 10 STUDENTS OF BATANGAS STATE UNIVERSITY INTEGRATED SCHOOL

This study aimed to determine assessment of physical literacy among Grade 10 Students of Batangas State University Integrated School. Specifically the study sought to determine assessment of teachers and students on the extent of manifestation of physical literacy in the terms of body management, physical fitness, folk dance/other forms and, games and sports. The study utilized descriptive method of research. Relevant data was collected using researcher-made questionnaire.

Author : Jennifer Baes-Atienza
Country : Philippines
Page No : 66-78

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Article No :  08

ADEQUACY OF THE SPORT FACILITIES AND EQUIPMENT OF BATANGAS STATE UNIVERSITY PABLO BORBON I

The study revealed that both first year and second students were very much satisfied with the existing sports facilities and equipment provided by the University which reflects that the administration are adequately providing the necessary sports facilities and equipment needed in the conduct of physical education classes

Author : Marcelino M. Ona Jr.
Country : Philippines
Page No : 79-83

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Article No :  09

RECREATIONAL ACTIVITIES OF SECONDARY STUDENTS IN THE INTEGRATED SCHOOL OF BATANGAS STATE UNIVERSITY

Random sampling using fish bow/ technique was applied to determine the respondents of the study. The questionnaire was the main tool in gathering the needed data. The statistical tools was utilized for data analysis and interpretation was the following frequency, percentage and ranking. It was revealed that the different group of respondents have different ways of spending their leisure time.

Author : Jennifer Baes Atienza
Country : Philippines
Page No : 84-88

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Article No :  10

TEAM SPORTS ACTIVITIES FOR MAPEH IN SELECTED JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOLS IN ROSARIO DISTRICT

The study aimed to assess the activities on team sports for MAPEH in selected junior high schools in Rosario District. Specifically, the study focused the extent of conduct of physical education activities as assessed by teacher respondents and the problems encountered in teaching physical education activities.

Author : Marcelino M. Ona Jr. and Davidsol M. Mendoza
Country : Philippines
Page No : 89-98

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Article No :  11

NUMERICAL SIMULATION OF CLEARANCE EFFECT BETWEEN IMPELLER AND VOLUTE CASING FOR CENTRIFUGAL BLOWER

In this paper, flow analysis of backward-curved single stage centrifugal blower has been carried out. In the present study, the blower with a design speed and flow rate of 3800 rpm and 1.2m3/s respectively are chosen. The operating range is 0.4 m3/s to 3.6 m3/s. The impeller outlet diameter is maintained at 600 mm. The volute casing inlet diameter and outlet diameter have 600 mm and 960 mm. And then, the volute casing was optimized by reducing and increasing the volute clearances from 5-15%.

Author : Kay Thi Myaing
Country : Myanmar
Page No : 99-109

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Article No :  12

DERADICALISATION OF NIGER DELTA YOUTH THROUGH AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION

Questionnaires were used to derive information from respondents. Simple random sampling was used to select respondents. The sample was made up of 132 Niger Delta youths Data were analysed by the use of correlation analysis, likert type scale and descriptive statistics. It was found that the constraints face by youth that hinders their involvement in agriculture were environmental degradation, lack of basic infrastructure, lack of modern agricultural equipment, lack of land/land tenure system, lack of credit facilities and poor incentives/ incomes.

Author : Adams Oluwadamilola Kemi and Almu, A.
Country : Nigeria
Page No : 110-116

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Article No :  13

CHALLENGES OF BSED MAPEH PROGRAM AT THE COLLEGE OF TEACHER EDUCATION

The study used the descriptive research design employing a questionnaire to determine the challenges of MAPEH program at College of Teacher Education Batangas State University-Main Campus. Ranking and weighted mean were the statistical tools employed in this study. It was revealed that Majority of the student and teacher respondents rated the challenges regarding MAPEH instruction as to the great extent.

Author : Robeto B. Abas Jr.
Country : Philippines
Page No : 117-124

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Article No :  14

PHARMACOLOGICAL VALUES AND PHYTOCHEMICAL ANALYSIS OF AQUATIC PLANT GENUS APONOGETON: A REVIEW

Aponogeton is an aquatic genus of about fifty seven species belongs to the family Aponogetonaceae. Aponogeton is widely distributed throughout the Africa, Asia and Australia. Literature review revealed that Aponogeton species are widely used in Ayurvedic medicine as a constituent of an important drug, i.e. Useerasava. This asava is useful in haemothermia, anemia, diabetes and the impurity of blood.

Author : Nargis Sultana Chowdhury, Tamima Binta Islam, Farhana Farjana and Sifat Jamali
Country : Bangladesh
Page No : 125-141

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Article No :  15

ENTREPRENEURSHIP AND STRATEGIC MANAGEMENT RELATIONSHIP AND DISTINCTIVENESS: THE GERMANE OF A NEW DISCIPLINE

The outcome from extant literatures indicate that entrepreneurship concerned itself with identification and exploitation of opportunities while strategic management focus on how these identified opportunities can be transformed into gaining sustainable competitive advantage within and outside the environment, though both disciplines contribute to value creation.

Author : Ule, Prince Alaminaa, Coker, Preye Robertb and Idemudia Sunday Aliyuc
Country : Nigeria
Page No : 142-153

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Article No :  16

NIGERIA’S UNRESPONSIVE DEMOCRATIZATION: WHAT ROLE FOR POLITICAL GOD-FATHERISM?

The study analytical explores the presupposed interplay between political godfatherism and the current state of democratization through the tenets of elite theory. Upon reviewing relevant literature, it is concluded that while political godfatherism may have penetrated and co-existed alongside institutional of liberal democracy as it also thought to affect policy or electoral outcomes, it does not reflect the entirety of politics as practiced in Nigeria.

Author : Yahaya Yakubu
Country : Nigeria
Page No : 154-161

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Article No :  17

ECOWAS INTEGRATION AND DEVELOPMENT; EFFORTS, CHALLENGES AND PROSPECTS

The critical necessity of development for Africa in the 21st century has gained the most pronouncements in the discourses of the affairs of the continent. It is an issue around which there is considerable consensus as the way and manner to go about development from various perspectives.

Author : Ujah Matthew Onoja, Prof. Jacob James and Dr. Usman Abu Tom
Country : Nigeria
Page No : 162-169

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Article No :  18

PROTECTION ET PRÉSERVATION DES OBJETS D’ART AFRICAIN DANS AFOH AHKOM DE CHRISTIAN TIAKO

Chaque peuple se distingue se distingue d’un autre par un ensemble de valeurs qui forment l’essence de sa culture. L’une de ses valeurs est son patrimoine artistique qui doit être protégé et sauvegardé à tout prix afin de servir d’archives pour les générations futures. L ‘Afrique est un continent riche en objets d’art et ces derniers font sa fierté.

Author : Boniface Umana Ibana
Country : Nigeria
Page No : 170-173

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Article No :  19

INTERPRETING THE COMPLEXITY OF ZAMFARA SECURITY CHALLENGES: THE OUSTER OF NOTORIOUS BUHARIN DAJI AND PROSPECT FOR PEACE

With the varying degrees at which ordinary people, the government and indeed security agencies in Zamfara state tries to interpret the security situation at hand, people especially those that are not within the territory of the state found it very difficult to define the actual nature and dimension of the conflict.

Author : Abdullahi Nuhu Liman and Anas Sani Anka
Country : Nigeria
Page No : 174-186

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Article No :  20

REDUCTION OF MUSCULOSKELETAL DISORDER (MSD) THROUGH MANUAL LIFTING HOIST AT XYZ MANUFACTURING

The goal of this study is to reduce the level of risks that might affect to the Musculoskeletal Disorders (MSDs) of the workers. Therefore, the researcher apply the Rapid Upper Limb Assessment (RULA), Rapid Entire Body Assessment (REBA), and the Ovako Working Posture Analysis System (OWAS). Ergonomically designed lifting hoist will be suited for all the workers who experience of physical risk factors during performing their tasks.

Author : Engr. Joel R. Cornejo
Country : Philippines
Page No : 187-195

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Article No :  21

FAILURE OF CONVENTIONAL SECURITY MEASURES IN MANAGEMENT OF ZAMFARA UN-ENDING CONFLICT: THE NEED FOR REVIEW OF STATE SOCIO-ECONOMIC POLICIES

Since 2011 when the conflict between Fulani herdsmen and local farmers begin to escalate to a high level of human comprehension, there has been unending agitations on the need to review the effectiveness of the conventional security approaches in managing the conflict situation in Zamfara state. Though the conflict started like a mere domestic disagreement between Fulani herdsmen and farmers, the manners at which the state security apparatus have been handling the security situation influences the conflict to take multi-advance dimension especially with the recent cases of militia, kidnapping, abduction as well as banditry.

Author : Abdullahi Nuhu Liman and Anas Sani Anka
Country : Nigeria
Page No : 196-209

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Article No :  22

DEMOCRACY AND ITS IMPACTS ON INDIGENOUS POLITICAL SYSTEM IN NIGERIA: IMPLICATION ON COMMUNITY AND RURAL TRANSFORMATION

Over the years there has been this popular argument that, democracy has done bad than good to the people of rural community especially with the level of decay in the infrastructural development and loss of prestigious socio-political and economic values set up by the local political systems in Nigeria centuries before now.

Author : Abdullahi Nuhu Liman, Bello Baban Umma and Anas Sani Anka
Country : Nigeria
Page No : 210-216

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Article No :  23

RELEVANCE OF INDIGENOUS POLITICAL SYSTEM IN THE TRANSFORMATION OF NIGERIA: SPECIAL FOCUS ON KINGSHIP (SARAUTA SYSTEM) IN NORTHERN NIGERIA

Earlier than the coming of the British Colonial Administrators, Nigerian states have among others, some unique indigenous political systems that are institutionalized by respective independent states in the administration of the people. These systems though varied from one geo-political areas of the Nigerian state to another, they are seen as the most perfect political structures that contributed in the transformation and evolution of many states in the Pre-colonial Nigeria.

Author : Abdullahi Nuhu Liman and Anas Sani Anka
Country : Nigeria
Page No : 217-224

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Article No :  24

INTERACTIONS BETWEEN THE TRADITIONAL RELIGION OF THE EFIK AND CHRISTIANITY: A SOCIO-CULTURAL INVESTIGATION

The Efik people of Calabar, who inhabit the lower Cross River estuary, had established early social intercourse with the Europeans long before the communities of the hinterland. By reason of their proximity to the coast as gateway to the Atlantic Ocean, the Efik of Old Calabar were among the first Africans east of the Niger to interact with the white men, who established trading posts and churches, built mission schools and ran some form of civil administration in the territory.

Author : Francis Felix Edet
Country : Nigeria
Page No : 225-231

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Article No :  25

REVIEW OF FIELD STUDY COURSES: BASIS FOR INTERVENTION STRATEGIES AND ACTIVITIES

This study aimed to: review and describe the relevance of prescribed field study coursebook; determine the problems encountered; and propose intervention strategies and activities which can give social and practical implications. This study is a descriptive method of research participated by 70 third year students. A self-made questionnaire had been used to gather data. The following tools like mean and ranking were used employing a likert scale 1-4 for both the relevance of field study as a course and problems encountered by FS students. Findings show that students strongly agreed with some of the descriptions of FS courses.

Author : Romel M. Aceron and Agnes D. Arellano
Country : Philippines
Page No : 232-247

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Article No :  26

TAKE THE LEAD: EXPLORING LEADERSHIP SKILLS OF FILIPINO STUDENT ORGANIZATION OFFICERS

This study determined the leadership skills of student organization officers at Batangas State University-JPLPC Campus for Academic Year 2017-2018. Specifically, it described the leadership skills as to Communication and Literary Skills, Information Technology Skills and Social Skills of the respondents. Descriptive type of research was used by the researcher and a self-made questionnaire was utilized to gather the information needed from the 76 student organization officers as their respondents.

Author : Genalyn P. Lualhati
Country : Philippines
Page No : 248-254

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Article No :  27

DISCOVERING FILIPINO INTERMEDIATE PUPILS’ ATTITUDE TOWARDS SHADOW EDUCATION: PRIVATE TUTORING AND ITS IMPLICATIONS

The study aimed to determine the attitude of intermediate pupils towards private tutoring among selected private schools in Tanauan City, Batangas, Philippines. This study was conducted among 8 schools in Tanauan District and utilized a population of 74 respondents. The main instrument used in gathering data was a self-made questionnaire. After the needed data were obtained tabulated statistically treated, analyzed, and interpreted, the study revealed that pupils with private tutors have a high-positive attitude towards private tutoring.

Author : Genalyn P. Lualhati
Country : Philippines
Page No : 255-261

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Article No :  28

DEVELOPMENT AND VALIDATION OF MATHEMATICS ACHIEVEMENT TEST

The paper described the development and validation of Mathematics Achievement Test for pre-service teachers. A multiple choice test of 125 items covering topics from different strands in Grades 7-10 Mathematics was considered. Data were obtained from 39 first year students from the College of Teacher Education at Batangas State University JPLPC-Malvar. The test was subjected to content-validation by three Mathematics teachers based on the table of specifications.

Author : Nora V. Marasigan
Country : Philippines
Page No : 262-268

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