Article No :  01

INVESTIGATION OF PHYTOCHEMICAL, ANTIOXIDANT ACTIVITY AND ANTIMICROBIAL ACTIVITY OF VITIS REPENS WIGHT & ARN.

The present research deals with the phytochemical screening, elemental analysis, antioxidant activity and antimicrobial activity of Vitis repens Wight & Arn. Phytochemical screening of Vitis repens Wight & Arn. was performed to examine the different types of phytoconstituents present in the powder sample of Vitis repens Wight & Arn.

Author : Dr. Thet Thet Han, Dr. Mi Mi Yee and Dr. Kyaw Zan Aung
Country : Myanmar
Page No : 1-9

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Article No :  02

ISOLATION OF PURE BIOACTIVE ORGANIC COMPOUND FROM NODULE OF BOSCIA VARIABILIS COLLETT & HEMSLEY. (THAMON)

Ethyl acetate crude extract of nodule of Thamon gave high potent activity on all tested organisms. Furthermore, a pure compound was isolated from the nodule of Thamon as white crystal (0.01 g) by using thin layer and column chromatography. The yield percent was found to be (0.48 %) based upon the ethyl acetate crude extract. Moreover, antimicrobial activities of this pure compound were rechecked by using agar well diffusion method. The isolated pure compound responded to high potent activity on all tested organisms.

Author : Mar Mar Nyunt, Kyaw Zan Aung, Mi Mi Hlaing and Khin Cho Thwe
Country : Myanmar
Page No : 10-20

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Article No :  03

INVESTIGATION OF PHYTOCHEMICAL SCREENING AND SOME CHEMICAL CONSTITUENTS OF LEAFY EXTRACT FROM PIPER BETLE LINN. (BETEL VINE)

In the determination of soluble extractive parameter, it was found that petroleum ether soluble extractive (12 %), chloroform soluble extractive (8.5 %), ethyl acetate soluble extractive (10.2 %) and methanol soluble extractive (17.5 %). In the determination of nutritional value, moisture (11.61 %), fat (1.01 %), ash (13.89 %), fiber (14.74 %), protein (19.52 %), carbohydrate (32.23 %) and energy value (245Kcal/100g) were observed.

Author : Dr. Mi Mi Yee
Country : Myanmar
Page No : 21-31

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Article No :  04

KNOWLEDGE, ATTITUDES AND PRACTICES AMONG MEDICAL OFFICERS ON SCREENING FOR TUBERCULOSIS: A CASE STUDY IN KALUTARA DISTRICT, SRI LANKA

The cutoff score for satisfactory knowledge was 68, a favourable attitude was 36.1 and satisfactory practice was 66.7. Majority of MOs (86.9%, n=147) had satisfactory knowledge and favorable attitudes (87%, n=147) on screening for TB. Less than half of MOs (46.7%, n=79) had favorable attitudes to refer for microscopic examinations of patients with more than 2 weeks of cough. Less than 40% of MOs are (n=68) performing CXR on suspected pulmonary TB (PTB).The cutoff score for satisfactory knowledge was 68, a favourable attitude was 36.1 and satisfactory practice was 66.7. Majority of MOs (86.9%, n=147) had satisfactory knowledge and favorable attitudes (87%, n=147) on screening for TB. Less than half of MOs (46.7%, n=79) had favorable attitudes to refer for microscopic examinations of patients with more than 2 weeks of cough. Less than 40% of MOs are (n=68) performing CXR on suspected pulmonary TB (PTB).

Author : Samarasinghe, Y.J., Kumarapeli, V., Gunethilake, U., Rathnayake, S.J., Wijenayake, P. and Perera, T.D.R.N.
Country : Sri Lanka
Page No : 32-45

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Article No :  05

KNOWLEDGE, ATTITUDE AND PRACTICE OF NEONATAL JAUNDICE AMONG HEALTHCARE WORKERS IN BINGHAM UNIVERSITY TEACHING HOSPITAL, JOS, NIGERIA

The results showed 89% of respondents were able to correctly identify jaundice. About 80% of respondents recognized blood group incompatibility as a cause of jaundice, 80% of respondents encouraged patient to seek help within 24 hours after the appearance of jaundice and 88% of respondents recognize phototherapy as a modality of treatment for neonatal Jaundice. This shows an overall good knowledge, attitude and practice towards neonatal jaundice among tertiary healthcare workers in Bingham University Teaching Hospital.

Author : Shehu, M., Ubanyi, T.O., Shehu, H. and Musa, J.M.
Country : Nigeria
Page No : 46-55

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